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RULING HIGHLIGHTS RIGHTS OF VULNERABLE PEOPLE IN DEPRIVATION OF LIBERTY HEARINGS

People unable to make decisions for themselves because they lack mental capacity must always have access to independent representation in court hearings about their personal liberty, the Court of Protection said today.

The Law Society of England and Wales intervened in the case of JM & others to help the Court of Protection in its efforts to find a solution to the lack of appropriate representatives available for vulnerable people in cases where decisions are made about their freedom.
Law Society president Jonathan Smithers said:

'Anyone living with dementia, Alzheimer's or a learning disability must receive treatment that is in their best interests, whether they are in a hospital, care home or a family home. These cases can be about enforced medical treatment, restraint, limits on people’s movements or on visitors. Many families will understand the challenges of making decisions for a relative who is unable to give their consent.

'When a vulnerable person doesn't have friends or family to represent them during a decision to restrict their liberty, it is vital that person is able to participate in the decision-making process. If this is not possible, then they must have a legal representative to protect their rights, as well as their health and general welfare.'

In an unprecedented judgment, Mr Justice Charles, vice president of the Court of Protection, placed responsibility on the government to ensure that each vulnerable individual whose liberty is considered in the Court of Protection has appropriate representation when their case is considered. The judgment was achieved by way of four test cases (JM & others), where no appropriate representative could be found for reasons including resource constraints.

Mr Justice Charles also ruled that all future similar cases will be adjourned until a workable solution is found. This means that large numbers of such cases, concerning what are often crucial health and welfare decisions, will now be pending indefinitely.

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